Institut Curie was born out of the determination of one woman, Marie Curie.
Institut Curie is a leading center in the fight against cancer. Institut Curie combines an internationally renowned research facility with a cutting-edge hospital group, treating all types of cancer, including the rarest forms.
For decades, Institut Curie has served as the reference center for breast cancer, pediatric cancer, eye tumor and sarcomas (tumors that occur in the bones and soft tissues).
On December 12, 1909, the University of Paris and Institut Pasteur decided to build the Institut du Radium for Marie Curie, who won the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics along with her husband Pierre Curie and their colleague Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity. This laboratory was set up just a few streets away from the “hangar” at the school of industrial chemistry and physics, where Pierre and Marie Curie discovered radioactivity along with polonium and radium in 1898.
When Marie Curie discovered radium, she very quickly had the revolutionary idea of applying radioactivity and its properties to medicine. The goal was to study radioactivity and its applications in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The set-up was very original for its time: the Institut du Radium featured the Curie laboratory, directed by Marie Curie and entirely devoted to physics and chemistry research, and the Pasteur laboratory, directed by Dr. Claudius Regaud and devoted to studying the biological effects and medical applications of radioactivity.
Once the World War I ended and they settled into their respective laboratories, Curie and Regaud proposed a general development project for the Institut du Radium, where research and therapeutic applications would be closely linked. This well-known research-care continuum, developed by Curie and Regaud, is still the hallmark of Institut Curie a century later. Institut Curie’s innovations are based on this fundamental pillar.
Construction was completed in 1914.
Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie for the discovery of natural radioactivity
Creation of the Institut du Radium, which became Institut Curie
Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to Marie Curie for her work on radioactivity
Creation of the Curie Foundation
Marie Curie’s first trip to the US with her two daughters. President Harding gives her one gram of radium
Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to Irène and Frédéric Joliot-Curie
First recovery from breast cancer through radiotherapy treatment at Institut Curie
Merger of Institut du Radium with the Curie Foundation
Launch of the first pediatric cancer services in France
First patients treated with protontherapy in France
First Curie therapy on prostatic cancer
Digitalization of patient files begins
Discovery of the DBAIT molecules at Institut Curie
Inauguration of Nikkon Center on Institut Curie campus, the first platform of photonic imaging in France
Merger of Institut Curie and Hôpital René Huguenin in Saint-Cloud
Launch of Shiva trial, based on the molecular profile of the tumor, one of the first in the world
Creation of the AJA (Adolescent Jeunes Adultes) Service for teenagers and young adults
Launch of the first Center of Cancer Immunotherapy in France
Upgrade of surgery services with 10 state-of-the-art operating rooms
Start of the extension construction of the hospital in Saint-Cloud
Continuing Marie Curie’s legacy